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Ebola Outbreaks

Ebola Outbreaks in the 1970s

There were five confirmed outbreaks of Ebola during the 1970s, as this table explains.
 
Year
Ebola subtype
Country
No. of human cases
Percentage of deaths among cases
Ebola outbreak details
1976
Ebola-Zaire
Zaire (Democratic Republic of the Congo [DRC])
318
88%
Occurred in Yambuku and surrounding area. Disease was spread by close personal contact and by use of contaminated needles and syringes in hospitals/clinics. This outbreak was the first recognition of the disease.
1976
Ebola-Sudan
Sudan
284
53%
Occurred in Nzara, Maridi, and the surrounding area. Disease was spread mainly through close personal contact within hospitals. Many medical care personnel were infected.
1976
Ebola-Sudan
England
1
0%
Laboratory infection by accidental stick of contaminated needle.
1977
Ebola-Zaire
Zaire
1
100%
Noted retrospectively in the village of Tandala.
1979
Ebola-Sudan
Sudan
34
65%
Occurred in Nzara. Recurrent outbreak at the same site as the 1976 Sudan epidemic.
 

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