Ebola Channel
Topics
Quicklinks
Related Channels

Ebola History

Ebola History in the 1980s

There was one confirmed outbreak in the 1980s. When monkeys were imported to research facilities in the United States from the Philippines, the Ebola-Reston virus caused severe illness and death in the monkeys, and several research workers became infected with the virus but did not become ill.
 

History of the Disease in the 1990s

In the 1990s, there were 10 confirmed Ebola outbreaks, as the following table explains.
 
Year
Ebola subtype
Country
No. of human cases
Percentage of deaths among cases
Outbreak details
1990
Ebola-Reston
United States
0
0%
Ebola-Reston virus was introduced once again into quarantine facilities in Virginia and Texas by monkeys imported from the Philippines. Four humans developed antibodies, but did not get sick.
1992
Ebola-Reston
Italy
0
0%
Ebola-Reston virus was introduced into quarantine facilities in Sienna by monkeys imported from the same export facility in the Philippines that was involved in the episodes in the United States. No humans were infected.
1994
Ebola-Zaire
Gabon
49
59%
Occurred in Mékouka and other gold-mining camps deep in the rainforest. Initially thought to be yellow fever; identified as Ebola hemorrhagic fever in 1995.
1994
Ebola-Ivory Coast
Ivory Coast
1
0%
Scientist became ill after conducting an autopsy on a wild chimpanzee in the Tai Forest. The scientist was treated in Switzerland.
1995
Ebola-Zaire
Democratic
Republic of
the Congo (formerly Zaire)
315
81%
Occurred in Kikwit and surrounding area. Traced to index case-patient who worked in forest adjoining the city. Epidemic spread through families and hospitals.
1996
Ebola-Zaire
Gabon
31
68%
Occurred in Mayibout area. A chimpanzee found dead in the forest was eaten by people hunting for food. Nineteen people who were involved in the butchery of the animal became ill; other cases occurred in family members.
1996
Ebola-Zaire
Gabon
60
75%
Occurred in Booué area with transport of patients to Libreville. Index case-patient was a hunter who lived in a forest camp. Disease was spread by close contact with infected persons. A dead chimpanzee found in the forest at the time was determined to be infected.
1996
Ebola-Zaire
South Africa
2
50%
A medical professional traveled from Gabon to Johannesburg, South Africa, after having treated Ebola virus-infected patients and thus having been exposed to the virus. He was hospitalized, and a nurse who took care of him became infected and died.
1996
Ebola-Reston
USA
0
0%
Ebola-Reston virus was introduced into a quarantine facility in Texas by monkeys imported from the Philippines. No human infections were identified.
1996
Ebola-Reston
Philippines
0
0%
Ebola-Reston virus was identified in a monkey export facility in the Philippines. No human infections were identified.
 
Terms of Use
Advertise with Us
Contact Us
About eMedTV
Privacy Policy
Copyright © 2006-2017 Clinaero, Inc.
eMedTV serves only as an informational resource. This site does not dispense medical advice or advice of any kind. Site users seeking medical advice about their specific situation should consult with their own physician. Click Terms of Use for more information.